New City Catechism Week 18 Resources

Week 18 Question:

Will God allow our disobedience and idolatry to go unpunished?

Week 18 Answer:

No, every sin is against the sovereignty, holiness, and goodness of God, and against his righteous law, and God is righteously angry with our sins and will punish them in his judgment both in this life, and in the life to come.

Week 18 Verse: Ephesians 5:5-6


If Jesus Christ did not take care to secure our standing, we should fall to our ruin. Adam fell, and, being our federal head, we fell in him…. "God (says the apostle) included all under sin." What is sin but a breach, that is, a transgression, of the law; "the wages of sin is death;" every transgression of the law incurs damnation…. We must die, we are legally dead…. We have broken God's law, and are liable to eternal condemnation…every one of us without distinction; we are all upon a level…. It is not greatness of station, nor external differences, that make a difference in the internal state of the soul…. This is our state towards God, we have lived in trespasses and sins, [and] are legally dead now…. But, besides this legal death, there is a spiritual death, and the consequence of that is eternal death; if I die in that state, I must die for ever; that is, I must be a creature living eternally banished from God…. It is impossible to know, or to value, that life that Jesus Christ came into the world to impart to us, and procure for us without considering the nature of the death he delivers us from.

George Whitefield (1714 –1770). An English Anglican minister, Whitefield crossed the Atlantic 13 times and for 34 years preached throughout England and America (as part of what is known as the Great Awakening). Whitefield’s voice could be heard over vast distances and was reported at one point to be heard by over thirty thousand people in the open air. Whitefield preached more than 18,000 sermons in his
lifetime, fewer than 90 have survived in any form.

From “Sermon LXXI: Neglect of Christ, The Killing Sin” in Sermons on Important Subjects by the Rev. George Whitfield (London: Fisher, Son & Jackson, 1832), 741–743.

Video Commentary

NCC Q18: Will God allow our disobedience and idolatry to go unpunished? from The Gospel Coalition on Vimeo.


Supporting Scriptures:

Genesis 3:8, 24; John 8:34, 42, 44; Ephesians 2:12; Ephesians 4:18; Romans 1:18; Ephesians 5:6


Did the Son of God become incarnate, and expire on a cross, merely to lay the foundation of a new religious denomination in the world, and to become the subject of occasional conversation? Or was it that he might be the hope of the guilty, and the Saviour of sinners—the object of their confidence, of their love, and of their unreserved obedience?… If Christ be not yours; if your hearts be not devoted to him; and if you die in that condition, you had better never have been born. May the Lord save you from the wrath to come, and prepare you for the heavenly state! Amen.

Abraham Booth (1734–1806). An English Baptist minister, Booth served as pastor of Prescot Street Church in Whitechapel, London for 35 years as well as founding what is now Regents Park College for ministerial training in Oxford. He is most known for his work The Reign of Grace.

From “An Address at the Interment of Mr. Joseph Swain” in Works of Abraham Booth: Late Pastor of the Baptist Church, Volume 3 (London: Button, 1813), 289–290.