New City Catechism Week 20 Resources

Week 20 Question:

Who is the Redeemer?

Week 20 Answer:

The only Redeemer is the Lord Jesus Christ, the eternal Son of God, in whom God became man and bore the penalty for sin himself.

Week 20 Verse: 1 Timothy 2:5


I behold a new and wondrous mystery. My ears resound to the Shepherd’s song, piping no soft melody, but chanting full forth a heavenly hymn. The Angels sing. The Archangels blend their voice in harmony. The Cherubim hymn their joyful praise. The Seraphim exalt His glory. All join to praise this holy feast, beholding the Godhead here on earth, and man in heaven. He Who is above, now for our redemption dwells here below; and he that was lowly is by divine mercy raised…. And ask not how: for where God wills, the order of nature yields. For He willed; He had the power; He descended; He redeemed; all things yielded in obedience to God…. For when He was God, He became man; yet not departing from the Godhead that is His. Nor yet by any loss of divinity became He man, nor through increase became He God from man; but being the Word He became flesh, His nature, because of impassability, remaining unchanged…. The Only Begotten, Who is before all ages, Who cannot be touched or be perceived, Who is…without body, has now put on my body, that is visible and liable to corruption. For what reason?… The Ancient of days has become an infant. He Who sits upon the sublime and heavenly Throne, now lies in a manger. And He Who cannot be touched…now lies subject to the hands of men. He Who has broken the bonds of sinners, is now bound by an infants bands. But He has decreed that ignominy shall become honor, infamy be clothed with glory, and total humiliation the measure of His Goodness. For this He assumed my body, that I may become capable of His Word; taking my flesh, He gives me His spirit; and so He bestowing and I receiving, He prepares for me the treasure of Life. He takes my flesh, to sanctify me; He gives me His Spirit, that He may save me…. For…the power of death is broken…the curse is taken away, sin is removed from us, error driven out, truth has been brought back…. Why is this? Because God is now on earth.

John Chrysostom (347–407). Archbishop of Constantinople, John was born in Antioch. He was given the title Chrysostom which means “golden mouth” because of his eloquent preaching. He is recognized by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church as a saint and Doctor of the Church. Chrysostom is known for his Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom, and his vast homiletical works including 67 homilies on Genesis, 90 on the Gospel of Matthew, and 88 on the Gospel of John.

From the sermon “Christmas Morning” in The Sunday Sermons of the Great Fathers, Volume 1 (Swedesboro, NJ: Preservation Press, 1996), 110–115.

Video Commentary

NCC Q20: Who is the Redeemer? from The Gospel Coalition on Vimeo.


Supporting Scriptures:

John 14:6; Acts 4:12; 1 Timothy 2:5-6; Psalm 2:7; Matthew 3:17; Matthew 17:5; John 1:18; Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 1:23; John 1:14; Galatians 4:4; Acts 1:11; Hebrews 7:24-25.


May God grant that we know…that being born of God, we do not continue in sin. May God grant that we know that the Son of God is keeping an eye on us and is watching over us and is protecting us. May God grant that we may always know…that we can have this assurance that…we belong to God our Heavenly Father, to the Lord Jesus Christ, His precious Son and our Saviour, and to the Holy Ghost, whom He has given to us to form Christ in us and to prepare us for the glory that awaits us.

David Martyn Lloyd-Jones (1899–1981). A Welsh medical doctor and Protestant minister, Lloyd-Jones is best known for preaching and teaching at Westminster Chapel in London for thirty years. He would take many months, even years, to expound a chapter of the Bible verse by verse. Perhaps his most famous publication is a 14 volume series of commentaries on Romans.

From Life in Christ: Studies in 1 John (Wheaton: Crossway, 2002), 690.